The Malaysia National Flower is the hibiscus rosa sinensis. It is locally known as the Bunga Raya. The origin of its existence in this country is unknown. It is believed to have been brought to Malaysia through early trade from its original home in China around the 12th century. Hence its scientific name sinensis meaning Chinese.
The flower is found in abundance throughout the country, and for this very reason, was chosen to be the national flower in 1960 by Malaysia's first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj.
The hibiscus rosa sinensis was chosen as it symbolises the rukun negara (principles of nationhood) with its 5 petals, and the red symbolises courage and unity of its people.